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Volume 6, Issue 1, June 2020, Page: 6-9
Study of Factors Associated with Acute Pharyngitis
Kadidiatou Doumbia-singare, Department of Surgery, University of Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
Fatogoma Issa Kone, Department of Surgery, University of Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
Lassine Dienta, Regional hospital of Mopti, Bamako, Mali
Samba Karim Timbo, Department of Surgery, University of Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
Naouma Cisse, Department of Surgery, University of Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
Djibril Samake, Reference Health Center V, Bamako, Mali
Boubacary Guindo, Department of Surgery, University of Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
Lamine Traore, Department of Surgery, University of Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
Siaka Soumaoro, Department of Surgery, University of Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
N’Faly Konate, Department of Surgery, University of Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
Kassim Diarra, Department of Surgery, University of Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
Mohamed Amadou Keita, Department of Surgery, University of Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
Alhousseini A. G. Mohamed, Department of Surgery, University of Gabriel Toure, Bamako, Mali
Received: Jan. 6, 2020;       Accepted: Jan. 20, 2020;       Published: Feb. 1, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijo.20200601.12      View  38      Downloads  51
Abstract
Introduction: acute pharyngitis is found in children as well as in adults. The peak incidence is between 5 and 15 years. The responsible germs are of viral or bacterial origin; the group A hemolytic beta streptococcus haunts this condition. Objective: Study the factors associated with acute pharyngitis in the ENT department of the CHU Gabriel TOURE in Bamako. Methods: A descriptive and analytical prospective study was conducted from August 30, 2015 to August 30, 2016. The study population consisted of patients admitted to the ENT department of the CHU Gabriel Touré in Bamako for acute pharyngitis. Data was collected using a questionnaire during the interview and physical examination. They were entered using Epi Data software version 3.01 and analyzed using R 3.1.2 software. Results: We collected 234 cases of pharyngitis between August 30, 2015 and August 30, 2016. The sex ratio (F / M) was 1.32. The mean age was 28.21 ± 14.20 years. The majority of patients presented with erythematous angina (81%). The group A hemolytic beta streptococcus was the predominant germ (58%). The active antibiotics on the germ were penicillin, amoxicillin, and cephalosporin. This germ was associated with erythematous angina and the risk was 3.99, CI (1.88-8.45). Complications were noted in 7 patients (3%) upon admission, including 1 case of cervical cellulitis and 6 cases of palatine tonsil phlegmon. No deaths have been recorded. Conclusion: The aspect of the palatine tonsil does not allow to evoke a viral or bacterial etiology from where the interest to carry out a bacteriological examination in particular the culture which could orient a bacterial etiology and help the practitioner to rationalize the indication of antibiotic therapy.
Keywords
Pharyngitis, Culture, Germs, Treatment, Mali
To cite this article
Kadidiatou Doumbia-singare, Fatogoma Issa Kone, Lassine Dienta, Samba Karim Timbo, Naouma Cisse, Djibril Samake, Boubacary Guindo, Lamine Traore, Siaka Soumaoro, N’Faly Konate, Kassim Diarra, Mohamed Amadou Keita, Alhousseini A. G. Mohamed, Study of Factors Associated with Acute Pharyngitis, International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. Vol. 6, No. 1, 2020, pp. 6-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ijo.20200601.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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