International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

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Epidemiological Profiles of Acute Otitis Media at the Commune II Referral Health Center in the Bamako District

Received: 26 January 2024    Accepted: 5 February 2024    Published: 20 February 2024
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Abstract

Acute otitis media is a very common condition in children under the age of 7, most of whom suffer their first episode before the first three years of life. Despite scientific advances in its therapeutic and preventive management, this condition remains frequent and cosmopolitan, particularly in otolaryngology (ENT) and pediatric wards. In view of the possibility of disabling complications, we set out to study the epidemiological and clinical profile of this condition for the first time in the ENT department of the Commune II Reference Health Centre in the District of Bamako, Mali. This is a descriptive, retrospective study, using routine consultation data from January to December 2022. Based on exhaustive sampling, we collected 568 cases of confirmed AOM, representing an incidence of 20.63%. Patient age ranged from 3 months to 83 years, with an average of 12.49 years. Overall, the 3-7 age groups predominated, with 30.63% of cases. However, patients under 2 years of age predominate in progressive forms of the various stages. This study shows that AOM is a frequent occurrence in our department, and highlights the need for good interdisciplinary networking between pediatricians and ENT specialists in the management of AOM, in order to avoid possible recurrences and functional sequelae.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijo.20241001.11
Published in International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology (Volume 10, Issue 1, June 2024)
Page(s) 1-5
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Acute otitis Media, Epidemiology, Clinic, ENT Department, Bamako/Mali

References
[1] ASSÉ K, N’GATTIA K, ADONIS-KOFFY, KACOUCHIA N, PLO K. Epidemiological, clinical, therapeutic and progressive profile of acute otitis media in children at the Bouaké hospital in the Republic of Ivory Coast. Rev IntSc Med. 2009; 11(2): 13-6.
[2] PLEBANI M, JABOYEDOFF M, FRIES S, ASNER S. Acute otitis media - modern management. Paediatrica. 2023; 34(1): 16-23. https://doi.org/10.35190/Paediatrica.f.2023.1.3
[3] Scientific Council. Management of acute otitis media in an outpatient setting. 2020.
[4] STEINEBACH A. Obstacles to therapeutic abstention in the treatment of acute otitis media in children over two years of age in general medicine [Medicine Thesis]. University of Paris Diderot-Paris 7; 2011.
[5] BATIONO JMG. Algal otitis media in children aged 0 to 14 years at the YalgadoOuedraogo National Hospital Center: Epidemiological and bacteriological aspect (About 101 cases) [Medicine Thesis]. University of Ouagadougou; 2001.
[6] OUEDRAOGO B. Acute otitis media in children aged 0 to 5 years in ENT consultation at CHNYO: epidemiological, clinical and progressive aspects. University of Ouagadougou; 1997.
[7] VENEKAMP RP, SANDERS SL, GLASZIOU PP, ROVERS MM. Antibiotics for acute otitis media in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2023, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD000219. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.CD000219.pub5
[8] High Authority of Health. Choice and duration of antibiotic therapy: Acute purulent otitis media in children. Saint-Denis La Plaine: HAS; 2021.
[9] SACKO HB, DEMBELE RK, DIALLO AO, COULIBALY MS, TELLY N. Bacteriology of chronic suppurative otitis media in children in Mali. J TUN ENT. 2014; (31): 34-6.
[10] COHEN R, WERNER A. Acute otitis media in children in 2020. Medicine & childhood. 2019; 270-6.
[11] FRANCOIS M, OLIVIER C, PAPPO M. Practices of pediatricians and ENT specialists in the management of acute otitis media in urban children. Med Mal Infect. 1996; 26 (Special): 34-9.
[12] BOUKALO N. Contribution to the epidemiological study of acute otitis media and their complications in children from birth to the age of 15 [Medicine Thesis]. [Abidjan]; 1991.
[13] NJIFOU NJIMAH A, NSOM PHYLO P, MPESSA E, MOHO A, KUIFFO C, MINKA E, et al. Acute Otitis Media in Douala: Epidemiological, Clinical and Therapeutic Aspects in 120 Cases. Health Sci Dis. 2018; 20(1). Retrieved from https://www.hsd-fmsb.org/index.php/hsd/article/view/1280
[14] KONATE O. The epidemioclinical profile of earache in the ENT-CCF CHU Gabriel Toure department [Medicine Thesis]. [Bamako]: University of Sciences, Techniques and Technologies of Bamako: Faculty of Medicine and Odonto-Stomatology; 2012.
[15] CLAVELIN TR. Antibiotic therapy in acute otitis in children under 2 years old [Medicine Thesis]. Claude Bernard University: Lyon EST Faculty; 2015.
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  • APA Style

    Mariam, S., Elmehdi, E. A. M. S. A. M., Lassana, K., Mamadou, O., Diaffé, D., et al. (2024). Epidemiological Profiles of Acute Otitis Media at the Commune II Referral Health Center in the Bamako District. International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology, 10(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijo.20241001.11

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    ACS Style

    Mariam, S.; Elmehdi, E. A. M. S. A. M.; Lassana, K.; Mamadou, O.; Diaffé, D., et al. Epidemiological Profiles of Acute Otitis Media at the Commune II Referral Health Center in the Bamako District. Int. J. Otorhinolaryngol. 2024, 10(1), 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ijo.20241001.11

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    AMA Style

    Mariam S, Elmehdi EAMSAM, Lassana K, Mamadou O, Diaffé D, et al. Epidemiological Profiles of Acute Otitis Media at the Commune II Referral Health Center in the Bamako District. Int J Otorhinolaryngol. 2024;10(1):1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.ijo.20241001.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijo.20241001.11,
      author = {Sangaré Mariam and El Ansari Mohamed Saydi Ag Mohamed Elmehdi and Kéïta Lassana and Ouattara Mamadou and Dramé Diaffé and Haïdara Abdoul Wahab and Dicko Ibrahim and Ganaba Modibo Abdoulaye and Samaké Hélène and Koné Fatogoma Issa and Soumaoro Siaka and Guindo Boubacary and Singaré Kadidiatou and Keïta Mohamed Amadou},
      title = {Epidemiological Profiles of Acute Otitis Media at the Commune II Referral Health Center in the Bamako District},
      journal = {International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology},
      volume = {10},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-5},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijo.20241001.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijo.20241001.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijo.20241001.11},
      abstract = {Acute otitis media is a very common condition in children under the age of 7, most of whom suffer their first episode before the first three years of life. Despite scientific advances in its therapeutic and preventive management, this condition remains frequent and cosmopolitan, particularly in otolaryngology (ENT) and pediatric wards. In view of the possibility of disabling complications, we set out to study the epidemiological and clinical profile of this condition for the first time in the ENT department of the Commune II Reference Health Centre in the District of Bamako, Mali. This is a descriptive, retrospective study, using routine consultation data from January to December 2022. Based on exhaustive sampling, we collected 568 cases of confirmed AOM, representing an incidence of 20.63%. Patient age ranged from 3 months to 83 years, with an average of 12.49 years. Overall, the 3-7 age groups predominated, with 30.63% of cases. However, patients under 2 years of age predominate in progressive forms of the various stages. This study shows that AOM is a frequent occurrence in our department, and highlights the need for good interdisciplinary networking between pediatricians and ENT specialists in the management of AOM, in order to avoid possible recurrences and functional sequelae.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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    T1  - Epidemiological Profiles of Acute Otitis Media at the Commune II Referral Health Center in the Bamako District
    AU  - Sangaré Mariam
    AU  - El Ansari Mohamed Saydi Ag Mohamed Elmehdi
    AU  - Kéïta Lassana
    AU  - Ouattara Mamadou
    AU  - Dramé Diaffé
    AU  - Haïdara Abdoul Wahab
    AU  - Dicko Ibrahim
    AU  - Ganaba Modibo Abdoulaye
    AU  - Samaké Hélène
    AU  - Koné Fatogoma Issa
    AU  - Soumaoro Siaka
    AU  - Guindo Boubacary
    AU  - Singaré Kadidiatou
    AU  - Keïta Mohamed Amadou
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    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijo.20241001.11
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    JF  - International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
    JO  - International Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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    SN  - 2472-2413
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    AB  - Acute otitis media is a very common condition in children under the age of 7, most of whom suffer their first episode before the first three years of life. Despite scientific advances in its therapeutic and preventive management, this condition remains frequent and cosmopolitan, particularly in otolaryngology (ENT) and pediatric wards. In view of the possibility of disabling complications, we set out to study the epidemiological and clinical profile of this condition for the first time in the ENT department of the Commune II Reference Health Centre in the District of Bamako, Mali. This is a descriptive, retrospective study, using routine consultation data from January to December 2022. Based on exhaustive sampling, we collected 568 cases of confirmed AOM, representing an incidence of 20.63%. Patient age ranged from 3 months to 83 years, with an average of 12.49 years. Overall, the 3-7 age groups predominated, with 30.63% of cases. However, patients under 2 years of age predominate in progressive forms of the various stages. This study shows that AOM is a frequent occurrence in our department, and highlights the need for good interdisciplinary networking between pediatricians and ENT specialists in the management of AOM, in order to avoid possible recurrences and functional sequelae.
    
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Author Information
  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, Commune II Referral Health Center in the Bamako District, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, Commune VI Referral Health Center in the Bamako District, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, Commune II Referral Health Center in the Bamako District, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, Commune II Referral Health Center in the Bamako District, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, Commune II Referral Health Center in the Bamako District, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, Regional Hospital Nianancoro Fomba de Ségou, Segou, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, University Hospital Gabriel Touré, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, University Hospital Gabriel Touré, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, University Hospital Gabriel Touré, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, University Hospital Gabriel Touré, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, University Hospital Gabriel Touré, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, University Hospital Gabriel Touré, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, University Hospital Gabriel Touré, Bamako, Mali

  • Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) Department, University Hospital Gabriel Touré, Bamako, Mali

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